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Over the centuries, many healers would find their way to the creek.

As the city’s population grew, communities pursued public health in diverse ways. Health care in San Antonio in the early-to-mid 1800s was administered by private physicians, druggists, and curanderos (folk healers). After a cholera epidemic killed hundreds in 1849, the Bexar County Medical Society was founded, and city and county physicians were hired. Construction of a joint city-county hospital was being discussed when another cholera epidemic killed 293 local residents in 1866. Through the efforts of Catholic Bishop Claude Marie Dubuis, Sisters Madeleine Chollet, St. Pierre Cinquin, and Agnes Buisson, members of the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word, arrived in San Antonio in 1869 to open a small infirmary. Their facility, just east of San Pedro Creek on Military Plaza, served all races and religions regardless of ability to pay. The order also built an orphanage on Houston Street west of the creek. In 1875 the infirmary, later christened Santa Rosa Hospital, moved from the boisterous and noisy plaza to the quieter orphanage site. The sisters worked alongside doctors in all areas of patient treatment and care. The hospital was continuously expanded and modernized to offer new services including specialized health care for children. The facility, today known as Children’s Hospital of San Antonio, still cares for patients from throughout South Texas at the site just west of San Pedro Creek where it has fulfilled its health care mission since 1875.

Courtesy: Express-News Collection, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections and Hearst Corporation.
Courtesy: Express-News Collection, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections and Hearst Corporation.

The Sisters of Charity worked closely with hospital staff including Dr. Ferdinand Herff and his son, Dr. Adolph Herff, as they performed an operation in about 1900.

Source: “Bird’s Eye View of San Antonio, Bexar Co. Texas 1886. Looking North East.”
Source: “Bird’s Eye View of San Antonio, Bexar Co. Texas 1886. Looking North East.”

Augustus Koch illustrated Santa Rosa Hospital on his 1886 bird’s-eye view of the city (left). The site of the infirmary opened on Military Plaza in 1869 can also be seen (right). Both were located near San Pedro Creek, which flows between the two locations.

Courtesy: Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Archive, San Antonio.
Courtesy: Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Archive, San Antonio.
Courtesy: University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.
Courtesy: University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.

The Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word expanded and modernized their hospital to keep pace with the growing number of patients and rapid advances in health care. The multi-story hospital overlooking Milam Park is seen here in photographs taken in about 1884 (left) and 1935 (right). The tower of San Francesco di Paola Church can be seen in the top left of the later picture.

Durante siglos, muchos curanderos encontraron su camino hacia al arroyo.

Conforme la ciudad creció, las comunidades buscaron la salud pública de diversas maneras. En San Antonio, a principios y mediados de los 1800, la atención médica era proporcionada por médicos privados, farmacéuticos y curanderos. Después de que una epidemia de cólera cobró cientos de vidas en 1849, se fundó la Sociedad Médica del Condado Bèxar, y se contrataron médicos para la ciudad y el condado. Se estaba discutiendo la construcción de un hospital único para la ciudad y el condado cuando otra epidemia de cólera causó la muerte de 293 personas en 1866. Gracias a los esfuerzos del obispo católico Claude Marie Dubuis, llegaron a San Antonio las hermanas Madeleine Chollet, St. Pierre Cinquin y Agnes Buisson, de la orden religiosa de las Hermanas de la Caridad del Verbo Encarnado, en 1869 para abrir una pequeña enfermería. Su clínica, justo al este del Arroyo San Pedro en la Plaza de las Armas, atendía a todas las razas y religiones, independientemente de su capacidad de pago. La orden también construyó un orfanato en la calle Houston al oeste del arroyo. En 1875, la enfermería fue bautizada como el Hospital Santa Rosa, y se mudó de la bulliciosa y ruidosa plaza al sitio más tranquilo del orfanato. Las hermanas auxiliaban a los médicos en todas las áreas de tratamiento y cuidado del paciente. El hospital se expandió y modernizó continuamente para ofrecer nuevos servicios, hasta incluir atención médica especializada para niños. En este centro médico, localizado justo al oeste del Arroyo San Pedro, hoy conocido como el Hospital de los Niños de San Antonio, actualmente se atienden pacientes de todo el sur de Texas para seguir cumpliendo su misión de dar atención médica desde 1875.

Courtesy: Express-News Collection, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections and Hearst Corporation.
Courtesy: Express-News Collection, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections and Hearst Corporation.

Las Hermanas de la Caridad colaboraron estrechamente con el personal del hospital, incluyendo el Dr. Ferdinand Herff y su hijo, el Dr. Adolph Herff, al realizar una operación alrededor de 1900.

Source: “Bird’s Eye View of San Antonio, Bexar Co. Texas 1886. Looking North East.”
Source: “Bird’s Eye View of San Antonio, Bexar Co. Texas 1886. Looking North East.”

En 1886, Augustus Koch ilustró el Hospital Santa Rosa en su vista aérea de la ciudad (izquierda). También se puede ver el sitio de la enfermería abierto en la Plaza de Armas en 1869 (derecha). Ambos estaban ubicados cerca del Arroyo San Pedro, que fluye entre los dos sitios.

Courtesy: Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Archive, San Antonio.
Courtesy: Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Archive, San Antonio.
Courtesy: University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.
Courtesy: University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.

Las Hermanas de la Caridad del Verbo Encarnado expandieron y modernizaron su hospital para mantenerse al día con el creciente número de pacientes y los rápidos avances en el cuidado de la salud. El hospital de varios pisos, con vista al Parque Milam, se ve aquí en fotografías tomadas aproximadamente en 1884 (arriba) y 1935 (izquierda). La torre de la iglesia de San Francesco di Paola se puede ver en la parte superior izquierda de la imagen posterior.

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