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Imagine what it must have been like for Governor Domingo Terán de los Ríos, the leader of a group of Spanish explorers. They had survived many hardships, so they were very tired and very relieved to discover this refreshing, welcoming oasis in an arid land.

The explorers marveled at the rich vegetation and wildlife and decided to camp under the shade of cottonwood, oak, and mulberry trees near the river. That was in summer, on June 13, 1691, and it was the Feast Day of St. Anthony of Padua. Governor Domingo Terán de los Ríos announced that this place would be named San Antonio, in honor of the beloved saint. But the explorers could not stay at this restful place; they had more traveling and exploring to do, and so they moved on.